A recent addition to Historic Deerfield’s English ceramics collection aptly illustrates that ceramics were not confined solely to tableware or decorative forms in the 18th and 19th centuries, but could be utilized for a variety of purposes. The item—an oversized (height: 17 in.), earthenware, yellow-glazed jug with numerous unsigned transfer printed images (Fig. 1)—was likely used not to hold liquid or to serve beverages, but rather for advertising.
While lacking the name of a specific shop, the jug’s sizeable dimensions suggests that it was placed in the window of a store which sold ceramic wares. For example, one oversized jug in the collection of the Winterthur Museum inscribed “OXFORD. / Wholesale & Retail, / Warehouse.” was undoubtedly placed in the china merchant’s storefront window to advertise the name of the seller and to attract the attention of prospective buyers. Also, with literacy being far from universal in 18th-century England, the jug’s size and placement would have left onlookers with little doubt about the merchant’s wares. Moreover, the number of transfer prints on the jug’s exterior suggests that it may have sat inside of a shop and been used to showcase the variety of images one could have printed on smaller ceramic wares.
 Sharon D. Greene, “Oversized Staffordshire Jugs,” The Magazine Antiques 149, no. 1 (1996): 192. A similar, but not identical, oversized jug from the collection of Doris and Stanley Tananbaum is owned by Colonial Williamsburg.
 Greene, “Oversized Staffordshire Jugs,” 192.
 S. Robert Teitelman, Patricia A. Halfpenny, Ronald W. Fuchs II, Wendell D. Garrett, and Robin Emerson, Success to America: Creamware for the American Market: Featuring the S. Robert Teitelman Collection at Winterthur (Woodbridge, Suffolk: Antique Collectors’ Club, 2010), 116.
 Two of the Masonic prints found on the jug appear to have been common patterns, as they can be found printed on other ceramic forms. The print containing an image of a woman seated on a suspended platform between two columns and holding an anchor is similar to prints found on two separate creamware jugs in the collection of Historic Deerfield (HD 81.065 and HD 1999.24.1). The print of the gentleman sitting between two columns supporting globes is similar to a print found on another creamware jug at Historic Deerfield (HD 2014.19.6).
 Greene, “Oversized Staffordshire Jugs,” 200. Creamware pitchers with Masonic-themed transfer prints were also utilized in Masonic lodges. For an excellent discussion of transfer-printed pitchers and their use in Masonic lodges, see Hilary Anderson Stelling, “Ambassadors of Elegance: English Transfer-Printed Presentation Pitchers in Massachusetts Lodges,” in Reflections on 300 Years of Freemasonry, ed. Dr. John S. Wade (London: Lewis Masonic, 2017), 291-307.
 Greene, “Oversized Staffordshire Jugs,” 200.
 Quoted in Greene, “Oversized Staffordshire Jugs,” 200.
 J. Jefferson Miller II, English Yellow-Glazed Earthenware (Washington, D.C.: Smithsonian Institution Press, 1974), 5.
 Jack L. Leon, “Yellow-Glazed English Earthenware” English Ceramic Circle Transactions 8, no.1 (1971): 31-32.
 Ibid., 32. See also Wolf Mankowitz, Wedgwood (London: B.T. Batsford Ltd., 1953), 30-33.
 Leon, “Yellow-Glazed English Earthenware,” 32.
 Miller, English Yellow-Glazed Earthenware, 6; Leon, “Yellow-Glazed English Earthenware,” 33.